Over the previous twenty years, developments in photo voltaic know-how have allowed producers to cater to householders’ wants by offering them with panels of assorted sizes. One such photo voltaic panel dimension that’s nonetheless in use is the 250-watt module.
Since 250-watt photo voltaic panels are comparatively reasonably priced, small, and straightforward to search out, they are perfect for residential rooftop installations. As such, figuring out the common dimension of a 250-watt photo voltaic panel can actually come in useful.
With this data, you possibly can decide the variety of 250-watt photo voltaic panels you possibly can slot in your required house, in the end figuring out how a lot power your system will generate.
On this article, we give you the common dimensions of a 250W photo voltaic panel. Moreover, we cowl the variety of 250-watt photo voltaic panels you require and the way a lot power they’ll produce.
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What Measurement Is A 250-Watt Photo voltaic Panel?
The usual dimension of a 250-watt photo voltaic panel is roughly 17.5 ft2 (1.62 m2); its dimensions are 65 x 39 inches (about 1651 x 991 mm).
Nevertheless, these numbers can differ barely relying on the producer, mannequin, and know-how used.
We’ve ready a desk that exhibits the scale of 5 totally different 250 W photo voltaic panels from totally different manufacturers:
|Model||Mannequin||Dimensions (Inches)||Dimensions (mm)|
|LG||250S1C-G2||64.25 x 38.82 x 1.65 in||1632 x 986 x 42 mm|
|Renogy||RNG – 250P||65.0 x 39.0 x 1.6 in||1640 x 992 x 40 mm|
|Sunpower||SPR-X20-250-BLK||61.4 x 31.4 x 1.8 in||1559 x 798 x 46 mm|
|Canadian Photo voltaic||CS6P-250P||64.5 x 38.7 x 1.57 in||1638 x 983 x 40 mm|
|Trina Photo voltaic||TSM-250PA05||64.95 × 39.05 × 1.37 in||1650 × 992 × 35 mm|
|Common||——–||64.02 x 37.38 x 1.59 in||1624 x 987 x 39 mm|
Although the scale of those 250-Watt photo voltaic panels differ from model to model, they don’t deviate a lot from the usual dimension beforehand talked about.
Associated Studying: Photo voltaic Panel Dimensions Chart
How Many 250 Watt Photo voltaic Panels Do I Want?
The variety of 250- watt photo voltaic panels you’ll want will depend on:
- The quantity of electrical energy you want to generate (primarily based in your common power consumption);
- Your roof house; and
- Effectivity losses on account of your private home’s location, roof angles, obtainable daylight, and so on.
So, to find out the variety of 250-watt photo voltaic panels you require, you’ll must estimate your power demand, account for effectivity losses, and decide the variety of panels (of this dimension) you possibly can match within the house obtainable.
Estimating Your Vitality Consumption
There are a number of methods to estimate your power demand, however the best is just checking your month-to-month electrical invoice — it’s going to let you know the quantity of kWh you devour monthly.
Nevertheless, power consumption modifications all year long, so it is best to think about your common annual power consumption. To do that, add the kilowatt-hours consumed every month of the earlier 12 months and divide this quantity by 12.
In line with the U.S. Vitality Data Administration, the common annual electrical energy consumption for a U.S. residential utility buyer is round 10,715 kilowatt-hours (kWh), roughly 30 kWh per day.
Figuring out The Quantity Of Photo voltaic Panels You Require
If you would like your photo voltaic system to provide all of the power you devour, you need to set up an array that may generate the identical quantity of power you devour every day.
Instance: Let’s think about an power consumption of 25 kWh and 5 peak solar hours:
First, deduct the effectivity losses (about 20%); this implies a 250W photo voltaic panel will generate:
250 W – 20% (on account of effectivity losses) = 200 W
Now, divide the every day power consumption by the hours of direct daylight:
25.000 Wh / 5 hours = 5000 W
Lastly, divide this quantity by the facility that one 250W photo voltaic panel can generate (after deducting effectivity losses):
5000 W / 200 W = 25 photo voltaic panels
Checking If You Can Match That Many Panels On Your Roof
You don’t actually need an elaborate photo voltaic panel sq. footage calculator to find out the variety of panels a roof can assist (except your roof has a number of faces or odd shapes).
There’s a straightforward strategy to calculate the usable space of your roof:
1) Calculate The Sq. Footage:
You first must calculate the sq. footage of your roof utilizing the size and width dimensions.
2) Account For Setback:
Then, that you must account for the “setback,” which is the free house between the photo voltaic array’s edge and the roof’s edge. Doing this establishes an unobstructed pathway round your rooftop in case responders (like firefighters) must entry your private home in an emergency.
The minimal photo voltaic panel setback varies from state to state, however normally, it’s about 25% of your roof’s house. Due to this fact, that you must multiply the sq. footage of your roof by 0.75 to account for the required photo voltaic setback.
Instance: Let’s say the realm of your roof that will get probably the most daylight in the course of the day is round 700 ft2; your roofs usable space could be:
Sq. footage x 0.75 = 700 ft2 x 0.75 = 525 ft2
3) Divide The Usable Roof Space By The Commonplace Measurement Of A 250 Watt Photo voltaic Panel:
Now that you just’ve calculated the usable space of your roof, that you must divide it by 17.5 ft2, the common sq. footage of the usual 250-watt photo voltaic panel dimension.
The ensuing quantity is the utmost variety of 250-watt photo voltaic panels you possibly can match on your private home’s roof.
Instance: If the usable space is 525 ft2, then:
Usable space / customary dimension of photo voltaic panel = 525 ft2 / 17.5 ft2 = 30
Due to this fact, you may match thirty 250-watt photo voltaic panels in your roof.
If this is sufficient to generate the power you want, nice! If not, you’ll want extra highly effective photo voltaic panels (300 W, 350W, and even 400W).
Often, thirty 250-watt photo voltaic modules can generate greater than sufficient power to energy a mean U.S. house.
How A lot Vitality Can A 250-Watt Photo voltaic Panel Produce?
On common, a 250 W photo voltaic panel can produce roughly 1 kWh of power per day (contemplating 4 peak solar hours and 80% effectivity).
Nevertheless, this quantity can differ considerably. Why? As a result of the quantity of power produced by photo voltaic panels will depend on a number of elements, reminiscent of:
- Orientation (is the panel dealing with north, east, west, or south?)
- Tilt/angle (relative to the bottom/roof)
- Photo voltaic irradiance
- Peak solar hours
- Time of 12 months/season
- Ambient circumstances (temperature, humidity, and so on.)
- Sort of photo voltaic panel (monocrystalline, polycrystalline, thin-film)
- Measurement of photo voltaic cell
- Energy ranking
- Panel effectivity
Nevertheless, we have to make clear a number of issues:
Photo voltaic panels are rated primarily based on how a lot energy they’ll generate. Let’s recap the distinction between energy and power earlier than discussing the power output of a 250-watt photo voltaic panel.
Briefly, power is the power to do work. It has varied types: thermal, chemical, nuclear, mechanical, electrical, and so on.
Electrical power outcomes from the motion of electrically charged particles, like electrons.
The unit for electrical power is Watt-hours (Wh). In different phrases, power expresses the facility used/generated over a time frame:
Vitality (Wh) = energy (W) x time (h)
In physics, energy is the quantity of power transferred or transformed per unit of time. In different phrases, it’s the fee at which work happens.
Energy (W) = power (Wh) / time (h)
It can be calculated because the product of amperage and voltage:
Energy (W) = amperage (A) x voltage (V)
The unit for energy is watts (W).
Now that we’ve coated how power and energy correlate, we will higher perceive photo voltaic panel power output.
Photo voltaic Panel Vitality Output
A photo voltaic panel consists of a number of photo voltaic cells wired in collection. Every cell produces a selected voltage and present (relying on its dimension).
The facility ranking of a photo voltaic panel expresses the most energy the panel can produce (in best circumstances). It’s normally examined underneath “Commonplace Take a look at Circumstances” or STC.
This doesn’t imply the panel will produce 250W of energy always. It signifies that it could actually produce a most of 250W underneath best circumstances therefore why it’s so difficult to calculate the power output of a photo voltaic panel.
There are, nevertheless, a couple of methods to estimate photo voltaic power manufacturing. One of the simplest ways is to make use of a web-based power manufacturing calculator, just like the PVWatts calculator developed by researchers at NREL (Nationwide Renewable Vitality Laboratory).
One other means is to make use of the next system:
Vitality produced per day = Common peak solar hours × photo voltaic panel wattage x 80% effectivity
Please be aware: the 80% used within the system accounts for all of the effectivity losses that outcome from the beforehand talked about elements.
Instance: For a 250 W photo voltaic panel, contemplating 4.5 peak solar hours:
Vitality produced per day = 4.5 hours × 250 W x 0.8 = 900 Wh = 0.9 kWh
In abstract, the power produced by a 250-watt photo voltaic panel varies relying on what number of hours of direct daylight hits the panel.
As well as, a number of different elements end in effectivity losses. Due to this fact, a 250W photo voltaic panel doesn’t produce 250 watt-hours of power per hour; the quantity is at all times a bit much less.
The usual dimension of a 250-watt photo voltaic panel is round 17.5 ft2 (1.62 m2), and dimensions are normally 65 x 39 inches (roughly 1651 x 991 mm).
Photo voltaic panels with a most energy output of 250 watts are perfect for residential installations. Their comparatively small dimension makes them straightforward to put in and match on most roofs. They’re additionally reasonably priced and straightforward to search out.
You have to think about a number of elements to construct the optimum solar energy system on your wants.
For example, your common power consumption, how a lot usable roof space you might have obtainable for the photo voltaic array, the placement of your private home, the angle of your roof, the photo voltaic irradiance in your a part of the nation, the effectivity of the photo voltaic panels you’re utilizing, and quite a lot of different elements.