Wednesday, February 22, 2023
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Piloting Drones With Cell Communication Expertise

Researchers have developed a solution to pilot drones over lengthy vary utilizing easy cellular communication expertise.

Wingcopter in Malawi. Credit score: Falco Seliger

Drones have been first designed to trace or spy for navy purposes which required lengthy vary communication. However now as they’re getting used for home purposes like mapping and videography the system doesn’t exceed for lengthy ranges. Even when we want to take action, utilizing a community of communication just like the one utilized in protection methods might not be a good suggestion.

To beat these issues researchers have developed new communication protocols which might be insensitive to jerky knowledge streams. The drone stays related, even when the information fee fluctuates. Security-critical data required for the creation of aerial pictures, comparable to place, altitude, flight route, pace and different knowledge, might be transmitted with out interruption—a key prerequisite for the excessive security necessities in aviation.

They geared up a drone with a commercially accessible LTE system and one other with SUCOM cellular community module, which has the brand new communication protocols. The outcomes confirmed that the connection that used the standard module stored dropping out, the SUCOM module supplied a steady connection.

The SUCOM cellular community module might be put in in drones which might be already in use: In Malawi, for instance, drones geared up with the brand new module ship medicines, blood provides and different important supplies to the inhabitants in the course of the wet season, protecting distances of as much as 40 kilometers. They take off from 4 airfields, every of which has a “distant pilot” who enters the present route into the system and defines the waypoints that may information the drone. One click on is all it takes to ship the flight plan to the drone.

The info wanted to make this occur is shipped to a server in Cape City, from the place it’s transmitted to the SUCOM module after which on to the flight controller on the drone. Whereas in transit, the drone is monitored repeatedly by the distant pilot in actual time. The drone can be geared up with satellite tv for pc expertise, which can be utilized if the DSL connection fails. The drones will also be operated through a smartphone and VPN connection, if wanted.
Researchers consider that the SUCOM system can present higher protection for distant areas and are engaged on growing and testing the system for international purposes.



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