Getting an utility or service safety licensed underneath FedRAMP – the Federal Danger and Authorization Administration Program – is without doubt one of the hardest hurdles dev and ops groups can clear.
It’s so onerous, that of all of the enterprise providers that exist on the earth, solely 276 are FedRAMP licensed. However these are the apps that the U.S. authorities companies (just like the Departments of Justice, Commerce, and Schooling, and even some Division of Protection companies) can use, so constructing an app to this commonplace could be profitable. The U.S. Authorities generally is a priceless buyer.
It’s troublesome to take care of FedRAMP compliance when constructing a SaaS product, however making a DevOps course of to your dev and SRE (ops) groups collectively that enables them to stretch to FedRAMP could be value it. Sustaining FedRAMP compliance means creating merchandise with the best safety specs. The safety requirements of FedRAMP additionally embody different stable safety requirements from NIST (Nationwide Institute of Requirements and Know-how) and FISMA (Federal Info Safety Modernization).
A handful of Cisco merchandise meet FedRAMP necessities and are listed within the FedRAMP catalog: Cisco WebEx, Cisco WebEx for Authorities, Cisco Unified Communications Supervisor Cloud for Authorities (Cisco UCM Cloud for Authorities), and Cisco Cloud Lock for Authorities. Different merchandise are within the audit course of.
To get a way of what it takes to fulfill the FedRAMP commonplace and the advantages and alternatives that come from incomes a FedRAMP ATO (Authorization to Function), I sat down with Charles Randall, a former teammate of mine and a safety knowledgeable at Cisco:
What was the most important problem your operations staff wanted to fulfill with FedRAMP?
Charles Randall: Our largest problem was container vulnerability remediation, which was solely added to scope by the FedRAMP administration workplace the month our audit was scheduled. It was an unlimited change that pulled a lot of open supply initiatives into scope, and even required some architectural modifications. We’re nonetheless struggling to take care of the results right now.
How would you describe the distinction in your utility and operations safety posture earlier than and after beginning the FedRAMP certification course of?
CR: We began with a stable utility safety posture; adequate to cross ISO 27001/17 and SOC 2 requirements. FedRAMP calls for a considerably greater degree of operational safety, each technically and procedurally. Most of the safety enhancements we made to attain FedRAMP compliance have been utilized to our industrial operations environments as effectively, making certain world-class safety for our clients and constant processes and procedures throughout groups.
What are the important thing components needed for sustaining a strong ongoing monitoring technique? Would these methods make sense in a non-FedRAMP context?
CR: The important thing components of a strong monitoring program are completeness of imaginative and prescient and a stable set of KPIs. Completeness of imaginative and prescient consists of full compliance and vulnerability scanning throughout your whole asset stock, in addition to monitoring of utility, system and community actions with a deal with anomaly detection. These methods additionally make sense in non-FedRAMP context and have been practically universally utilized to our industrial working environments.
Do you employ off-the-shelf instruments to distinguish a safety occasion from a safety incident? Would you employ these instruments and method if qualifying for FedRAMP wasn’t the target?
CR: We’re primarily utilizing free open supply software program for safety occasion administration, complimented by the total suite of AWS safety providers. Whereas we do anticipate rising adoption of machine studying, there’s actually no substitute for the experience of operators and analysts with eyes on logs, constantly refining monitoring to attain the best doable sign to noise ratio. That is one other case the place we use the identical tooling throughout FedRAMP and non-FedRAMP environments, as a result of it permits us to re-use the FedRAMP work in our industrial environments, and preserve consistency between working environments.
How do FedRAMP necessities have an effect on utility builders? Does their safety posture enhance as a part of the audit course of?
CR: FedRAMP necessities have an unlimited impression on utility growth, in any respect ranges. Each choice, from system structure, to third-party element choice, all the best way right down to your alternative of cryptographic ciphers, can have important penalties whereas pursuing or sustaining FedRAMP authorization. Past technical selections, FedRAMP controls additionally require mature software program growth processes and configuration administration practices, with many necessities extending all the best way to construct/deploy pipeline and developer laptops.
What are the results of builders not adopting safety finest practices early within the worth stream (as a part of their each day work)?
CR: Failing to undertake safety finest practices early in your product growth cycle, or failing to combine these practices into each day routines, may very well be disastrous, no matter whether or not your group is trying to pursue FedRAMP authorization. It’s well-known that the price of fixing software program defects could be an order of magnitude greater or extra in manufacturing versus growth part of the SDLC. Whereas that’s painful sufficient, if you issue within the potential prices of larger-scale redesigns that is perhaps required on account of safety defects, the prices of safety incidents, and the doubtless catastrophic prices of a safety breach, the selection turns into clear that addressing safety calls for early and integrating it into everybody’s each day routine is the most suitable choice. If that argument nonetheless shouldn’t be sufficient to steer you, take into account that consumer knowledge privateness rules are actually more and more enforced, and infrequently with monumental fines.
What would you advocate for builders who’re new to safe coding and want to rise up to hurry with finest practices. Would you advocate coaching? Studying and adopting safety particular instruments?
CR: The entire above. Safe coding is simply….. coding.
We’d love to listen to what you suppose. Ask a query or go away a remark beneath.
And keep related with Cisco DevNet on social!